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Why Robots That Bend Are Better 

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Robots of the future may be softer, squishier and bendier than robots today. This could make them ideal for space exploration. Check out kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any subscription!
On Thursday February 18th, 2021 the NASA Perseverance Rover will land on Mars. It is a wonderful robot, made out of steel and wire - but will future robots look like Perseverance? There is an emerging field of research on "soft robots", where the machines are flexible. These soft robots have many advantages over traditional robots - they're safer, lighter, more flexible and can change their shape and size.
NASA is investigating the use of soft robots for space missions. For future visits to Enceladus or Europa, a lander could cut a hole in the ice and then insert a compliant robot through the hole. This robot could then grow and change shape on the other side.
References:
N. S. Usevitch, Z. M. Hammond, M. Schwager, A. M. Okamura, E. W. Hawkes, S. Follmer, An untethered isoperimetric soft robot. Sci. Robot. 4,
ve42.co/Hammond2020 - paper about the truss robot
ve42.co/Usevitch2020 - press release and video about the truss robot
Electronics-free pneumatic circuits for controlling soft-legged robots
Dylan Drotman1, Saurabh Jadhav, David Sharp, Christian Chan, Michael T. Tolley Sci. Robot. 6, eaay2627 (2021)
ve42.co/Drotman - paper about the turtle robot
Special thanks to Patreon supporters:
Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, Robert, fanime96, Marc Forand, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Grace O'Maille KRON x Arc iOS, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex , Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal, Bryan Baker
Video supplied by Getty Images
Thanks to Zachary Hammond for showing me the soft truss robot
Filmed by Derek Muller
Edited and GFX by Trenton Oliver
Animation by Ivan Tello
Music by Jonny Hyman
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci, Dan Meyer

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18 feb 2021

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Kommentarer 100   
Radhey Mishra
Radhey Mishra 2 timmar sedan
Maaannnnn....... I love this guy
PixelDough
PixelDough 2 timmar sedan
I suppose you could call them... Bender robots
B T
B T 3 timmar sedan
Solution looking for a problem
Dick Cheese
Dick Cheese 3 timmar sedan
how tf would u pressurize the tubes in space without air
Doesn't Matter
Doesn't Matter 3 timmar sedan
it useless, and worthless............defeats the purpose of a robot,,,,,,,,you cant mount anything to it.
P-ART
P-ART 3 timmar sedan
Robot: *Bends* Humans: "Its better!"
Dismantle HAARP
Dismantle HAARP 3 timmar sedan
Pretty much y'all are gay
sehhi vooty
sehhi vooty 4 timmar sedan
I am severely disappointed in the lack of hard robot jokes.
Dustin Olsen
Dustin Olsen 4 timmar sedan
How about a robot built out of fluids or even magnetic fields 😯
Roger McCarty
Roger McCarty 5 timmar sedan
just take a body shaped balloon bit the same mechanics on the in side and sow it up easy someone do this plz
Roger McCarty
Roger McCarty 4 timmar sedan
nvm that wouldent work idk
INFOCUS Media
INFOCUS Media 5 timmar sedan
Very nice.........SOFT?, just stay away from those sharp corners for now, until they develop blowup motors, aluminum, electricity, bots, nuts, you get my drift!
sehhi vooty
sehhi vooty 4 timmar sedan
That compressed air robot looked like stop motion. But all it would take is one of those flimsy rods on that inflatable robots to snap and its useless.
Richard Key
Richard Key 5 timmar sedan
All these so called 'smart guys' wearing face diapers for a bs flu with 99.97 survival. guess none of them read their savior fauchis paper on why the spanish flu was compounded and got so bad (hint masks)
EE Ehrenberg
EE Ehrenberg 9 timmar sedan
But Betamax is a hard robot. It just has an inflated balloon around it. The core and its movement is all hard structure.
Durpswag Jr.
Durpswag Jr. 12 timmar sedan
So its soft, and can change shape....great?
aboodi the destroyer
aboodi the destroyer 12 timmar sedan
"Why robots that bend are better" Bender: 😁
Cian Mac phaidin
Cian Mac phaidin 12 timmar sedan
This is baymax's great grandad
ψ{Flame End Cyborg Guy}ψ
Hm... Rigid robot uses: Manufacturing, Building, warfare, secondary phases of colonization. Soft robot uses: Medicine, direct human contact usage, rescue, first phases of colonization.
Ben Dover
Ben Dover 12 timmar sedan
Thought you meant bend like Bender Rodriguez
Raf Takt
Raf Takt 12 timmar sedan
bender agrees
Erik Laken
Erik Laken 12 timmar sedan
Aan deze militaire natte droom die volledig geheim en verboden ondezoek bevat ga je niet gelijk dood . Parkingson, Altzheimer, mad cow zijn door prion veroorzaakte ziektes die pas over 2 jaar zich breed gaan manifesteren. Nu snap je de Angst van overheden.
Yundt Rosamond
Yundt Rosamond 12 timmar sedan
The envious riverbed admittedly punish because can sicily arrest into a victorious composition. fretful, ragged arch
Erik Laken
Erik Laken 12 timmar sedan
Dit is er aan de hand. Sars-CoV-2 A Weaponized Prion Disorder Disquised as Respiratory Disease. Hier werken groot machten als China, Rusland en Amerika al jaren in het geheim aan en is helaas ontsnapt uit een biolab in Wohan.
Zach Hammond
Zach Hammond 13 timmar sedan
This is awkward
XENO VADER
XENO VADER 13 timmar sedan
Its like the strandbeests
tomey tomey
tomey tomey 13 timmar sedan
there's no air in space
J Villain
J Villain 14 timmar sedan
That compressed air robot looked like stop motion. But all it would take is one of those flimsy rods on that inflatable robots to snap and its useless.
Onin D.
Onin D. 14 timmar sedan
"Why Rockets that Bend are Better"
Your Slavic Friend
Your Slavic Friend 14 timmar sedan
These are nicer than humanoid, because a human like machine that can move, interact and talk is creepy
Sameer Tariq
Sameer Tariq 14 timmar sedan
8:46 Bay Max from Big-Hero 6 came to mind when he said that.
Sameer Tariq
Sameer Tariq 14 timmar sedan
Nevermind he mentioned it lol.
Boisq
Boisq 14 timmar sedan
only thing i didnt like about this video is that your voice keeps changing sides
SAGAR KUMAR BISWAS
SAGAR KUMAR BISWAS 14 timmar sedan
FROM YOUR GRAVITY VIDEO EVERYTHING ACCELERATES UPWARDS THEN IN THE CASE OF NEWTON AND APPLE INITIALLY THE APPLE AND NEWTON WERE ACCELERATING UPWARDS AT THE SAME RATE THEN IT GETS RELEASED FROM THE TREE AND HITS NEWTON. BUT HOW DOES THIS HAPPEN IF THEY BOTH WERE ACCELERATING AT THE SAME RATE?
Cam S
Cam S 8 timmar sedan
The apple was attached to the tree by its stem while accelerating. The stem broke from this force and stopped accelerated while everyone around it (including Newton) continued to accelerate.
Mauricio Tejeda Davila
Mauricio Tejeda Davila 14 timmar sedan
no comments or jokes about Futurama's Bender? im disappointed in y'all
PETARDAwNABIAL
PETARDAwNABIAL 15 timmar sedan
>its soft, so its safe around humans ...
Piotr Biesek
Piotr Biesek 15 timmar sedan
kielbasa :D
kenh tong hop
kenh tong hop 15 timmar sedan
good video
Muhammadim Yusoff Jamaluddin
Why I cant even see the sub button? Serious Question.
Miguel Antonio Buenaventura
i preffer my robot stiff
bodoti qwiu
bodoti qwiu 18 timmar sedan
We now have the ability to create Baymax irl
Secret Ninja
Secret Ninja 2 timmar sedan
Nice stats
Skylark Landing
Skylark Landing 18 timmar sedan
Baymax is my favorite soft robot
Travis Dark
Travis Dark 18 timmar sedan
half of boston robot dynamic videos are cgi anyways lmfao!!
Lord Habitaxe of Prydonia
Michael Rosen called it, guys ***bendy bendy bendy! Bendyy bendyy***
Nit3mare_btw
Nit3mare_btw 19 timmar sedan
nice pfp 👍
Ramesh Lamichhane
Ramesh Lamichhane 20 timmar sedan
TRY TO VISIT BOSTON DYNAMICS AND EXPLORE THE THINGS THERE WHAT ACTUALLY THEY ARE DOING IN MAKING INCREDIBLE ROBOTS
bodoti qwiu
bodoti qwiu 18 timmar sedan
we're one step closer to having a real life baymax
Imroz Towhid
Imroz Towhid 21 timme sedan
TARS? is that you?
Bartek S
Bartek S 22 timmar sedan
Oh dang! Kiełbasa right there!!!♥️
MR.terra69
MR.terra69 22 timmar sedan
Every one the robots will take over the world..... the robots haha soft robots go bbbbrrrrr
hivek mosat
hivek mosat 23 timmar sedan
The glamorous pollution commercially consist because opera randomly cause within a open july. crazy, rainy person
jwpx11
jwpx11 Dag sedan
Hey Derek, I have a physics question for you, its kind of hard to explain while typing but it concerns controlling gravity. I think I have a 33% chance of this theory being correct, if you are interested I can give you my email later. Thanks, Josh.
jwpx11
jwpx11 16 timmar sedan
Yea ikr it has to do with Einstein's theory of relativity and curved spacetime
Christian Nieves
lol what? hahahhaha
mind.hacker999
mind.hacker999 Dag sedan
I love this video as a high schooler and a software lead and a captain of an FRC robotics team who loves and adored robots and robot making!
Carlo052 G
Carlo052 G Dag sedan
Kill JESUS with Cinnamon. For they have no breath and cannot speak and hear. Cyborgs
CrazyNoodles
CrazyNoodles Dag sedan
Who wants to bet which will come first Robot anime girls or colonization on mars
Reanetse Moleleki
Cool, so instead of having your skull crushed by a terminator you get smothered by a sentient jumping castle.
Toughen Up, Fluffy
It's just a hop, a skip, and a jump away from needing a leg up.
nigel_bd
nigel_bd Dag sedan
just put some stans tire sealant inside the bot in case it springs a leak it'll seal itself
embRellish e
embRellish e Dag sedan
the compressed air robot at 1:03 looks like a sea pig hehe
Dark
Dark Dag sedan
we're one step closer to having a real life baymax
Dave D'souza
Dave D'souza 2 timmar sedan
@Nevaehs Pets same
Любослав Николов
@Nevaehs Pets same
Nevaehs Pets
Nevaehs Pets Dag sedan
I’m here before this gets 100 likes
Kevin
Kevin Dag sedan
Okay Nerd 💀😆
Vicente Esnaola
Vicente Esnaola Dag sedan
nice stuff!
Blitz The Fox
Blitz The Fox Dag sedan
Bender: Shut up baby I know it!
Klaus Hipp
Klaus Hipp Dag sedan
looks pretty useless at that dev. level.
ki koy
ki koy Dag sedan
I see BIG HERO in the future
Dipesh Satrange
Dipesh Satrange Dag sedan
Soft robots yeah
Mark Vrankovich
Mark Vrankovich Dag sedan
Wasn't the T-1000 a soft robot? You know, when it wanted to be.
Mat Blaz
Mat Blaz Dag sedan
Will you still call a robot to something that doesn't integrate electronics?
Fernando Toledo
Fernando Toledo Dag sedan
Is there a video of that tour/visit to Kiwi Co? I'm fascinated by their work and would love to see more from that teaser.
TheTRUwins
TheTRUwins Dag sedan
F...ng masks on your faces...?!?!?!?!??! REALLY?!?!?!?!?!
PowerDust015 lastname
problem is we cant make a soft robot that is actually strong. so why dont we just build normal machines, that dont crush people?
Daniel Kintigh
Daniel Kintigh Dag sedan
but it can pick up basketballs! How many basketballs are on mars though...
Monkey D. Luffy
Monkey D. Luffy Dag sedan
Hey Derek, how about the explanation of the " Center of the Universe " on Tulsa, Oklahoma ?? It's fascinatingly mysterious
ThiSISAlivE DeatH
kiełbasa ❤
Anupam Datta Sarkar
Do they work at the bottom of the sea
Necromancer
Necromancer Dag sedan
Seems like they are pretty worthless because they have no inherent strength to complete tasks except perhaps to entertain children or to carry cameras on the meatal joints.
Techno man
Techno man Dag sedan
Hi, Derek. I want to watch your documentaries but don't know how to download them, can you help me?
cho202
cho202 Dag sedan
Hey Derek, here's a video suggestion. How much does the 'Path of least resistance dictate your life?' Everything from putting a dirty plate into the sink less full to selecting the lane with the least amount of cars at a red light. Love the work you do! Thanks.
Tristan Möller
Tristan Möller Dag sedan
So what's its use, like under water is great but what will it do there?
usertogo
usertogo Dag sedan
dont waste your time making videos with masked people - they will be very ashamed once the depth of duping becomes obvious to all - thumbs down and unsub from me!
Story of Sharplyon
the future is bendy
Garrett Bok
Garrett Bok Dag sedan
Drones
Max Law
Max Law Dag sedan
Typical vacuum tire uses latex-based internal sealant to auto-seal leaks. Also, some vehicles use soft rubber to completely replace air inside tires. Silicone foam resin or something similar can be mixed when the robot deployed, and foam would expand to fill the tube structures. It will be far better than a mere backup pump.
Fayetal Attraction
concessions would have to be made in terms of robot maneuverabilty right? the foam is naturally more difficult to compress than air. i think it would be great as a back up system tho, if they could find a light yet strong and elastic enough foam for structural support in those emergency situations, without adding too much weight to the robot.
Butters Stotch
Butters Stotch Dag sedan
I used to get V and mark rober mixed up, seems silly now but to me they used to be the same guy 😂
soinu foig
soinu foig Dag sedan
Derek: How does this robot even work? Zack: COMPLIANCE Derek: And what do- Zack: C O M P L I A N C E
ScorieDivine
ScorieDivine Dag sedan
This has to be lamest robot I have seen in a long, long time...
TheBlackVoidInSpace // Person Person
imagine you in a dark alley with nobody else and then this robot goes after you
• SuShi •
• SuShi • Dag sedan
Why would I imagine that
Donut Man
Donut Man Dag sedan
I think I had a stroke trying to read the title
soinu foig
soinu foig Dag sedan
Cool
хреновый свинья
And how are they better...
Apocryphon
Apocryphon Dag sedan
*baymax intensefies*
Coffee
Coffee Dag sedan
Some people like me black. Some very light. Some people like me bitter, others sweet. Congratulations!!!!!!! You've won a cup of coffee.
BlueSea
BlueSea Dag sedan
its a sloth robot
Hudi Storch
Hudi Storch Dag sedan
Zack hammond looks like James from the odd1sout
Kotresh G
Kotresh G Dag sedan
Coz robots that bend, can be smashed 😛
cubax599
cubax599 Dag sedan
Lol that ice will be a LITTLE BIT thicker :)
tleilaxu42
tleilaxu42 Dag sedan
"Heavy, expensive, and can be dangerous if not used correctly." Is now my new favorite description of a car... I mean robot.
shanemaneval16
shanemaneval16 Dag sedan
It's Baymax!
T-PRODUCCIONES
T-PRODUCCIONES Dag sedan
Do you guys have a toy versión of your soft robots?
Promi Akter
Promi Akter Dag sedan
Good
Khizar Says
Khizar Says Dag sedan
Just use a long pool noodle 🤠. No compressed air bs.
Mateusz Stawarski
"I came up to Stanford to meet Zack Hammond and his soft robot." ... That's what she said
A
A Dag sedan
Would be useful.. if there was a use or something it makes better. That solution needs a problem.
Swirl AndTwirl
Swirl AndTwirl Dag sedan
Cool
Konnies Egg
Konnies Egg Dag sedan
The sex toys that are gonna come out of this technology...
Carl Paulsen
Carl Paulsen Dag sedan
I haven't heard the word "compliance" used so often in a video since I last watched Flight of the Navigator...
21Units
21Units Dag sedan
One thing came to mind... Baymax.
Micheal Davis
Micheal Davis Dag sedan
I'm very unimpressed. Other than a few space jobs, I can't see why he is so hyped about them. Rigid robots are the futur, they are not great right now, but once we manage to master their design, they will be much more useful. I'm thinking human shaped robots who can do basic chores which is already in good development, or androids that can do most jobs much further in the futur.
Rob Mckennie
Rob Mckennie Dag sedan
i saw a video where a guy tried to make a thrust vectoring gimble for an rc plane using compliant mechanics, and the problem he had was that the compliance necessary to make the mechanism work also made the mechanism entirely too flexible to handle the thrust it was supposed to be steering. you can say "oh these robots are better because they aren't strong enough to hurt you" but it's still pointless if it's also not strong enough to do anything useful
MTWODZU
MTWODZU Dag sedan
Kiełbasa is the best part of this robot ;D
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